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Dance hold: A hold used by dance couples while dancing, consisting of hand-to-hand and hand-to-body holds.

Dance lift: A lift in which the man's hands are not raised above his shoulder level and neither partner rotates more than 1 1/2 turns.

Dance pattern: The design of a dance on the ice.

Death drop: A flying spin which begins like a flying camel by throwing the free leg, but in which the skater flips over into the back sit spin position in the air, and spins on the ice in a back sit position.

Death spiral: A pair movement in which the man skates in a pivot position while holding one hand of the woman, while the woman revolves in a circle around the man with her body held roughly parallel to the ice, with one skate blade in contact with the ice.

Deductions: Point values subtracted from a skater's marks due to error made by the skater or violations of the rules.

Delayed jump: A jump in which the rotation is delayed by hesitating on the pull in, and which rotates slowly at the start and quickly at the end. The most common example is the delayed Axel.

Detroiter: A forbidden lift in which the woman is held in a horizontal position over the man's head and during which the team rotates in one place faster than anything but an empty human stomach can tolerate.

Disciplines of ice skating: The different recognized forms of competitive ice skating consisting of figures, single skating, pair skating, fours, dance, and synchronized skating.

Dismount: The process of returning the lifted partner to the ice in a controlled manner at the end of the lift.

Division: One of several levels of competition within a given discipline of skating, the most common being the senior, junior, novice, intermediate, and juvenile divisions.

Double jump: Any jump having two or more, but less than three, rotations in the air.

Double three: A figure consisting of two circles with two three turns on each circle, one third of the way around each circle.

Double twist lift: A twist lift in which the woman is tossed over the man's head making 1 1/2 turn in the air while the man turns 1/2 turn over the ice.

Downgraded jump:  A jump which is under-rotated by more than 1/4 rotation when the free foot contacts the ice.  In the International Judging System the Scale of Value for a jump with one less rotation applies to the attempted jump.  For example, an attempt at quad toe loop that is under-rotated by more than 1/4 rotation is identified as downgraded and the points earned in the attempt are based on the Scale of Values for a triple toe loop.

Drape: A dance position in which the woman reclines over the man's knee or thigh with at least one of her skates on the ice.

Draw: The choosing of the starting order prior to the skating of an event or part of an event.

Drawing a figure: The act of attempting to produce the correct trace in a compulsory figure by drawing the trace on the ice using the skating foot, as opposed to producing the correct trace by skating the figure in the correct positions.


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Copyright 2002 by George S. Rossano